Research on airline pricing reveals several factors that influence how airlines set their ticket prices. Keep in mind that this information might not be up-to-date, and the airline industry can be dynamic. As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, here are some insights into how airline pricing generally works:

Dynamic Pricing: Airlines often use dynamic pricing algorithms that consider various factors like demand, time until departure, day of the week, and even the user’s browsing history. Prices can change frequently based on these factors. Tezfly

Supply and Demand: The basic economic principle of supply and demand plays a significant role. When demand is high and supply is low, prices tend to rise, and vice versa. Airlines may adjust prices based on the popularity of a route, seasonality, or events.

Booking Lead Time: The timing of your ticket purchase can affect the price. Generally, booking well in advance or last-minute can result in higher prices. Airlines often offer lower prices for those who book tickets several months before departure.

Class of Service: Airlines offer different classes of service (economy, business, first class), each with its own pricing. The amenities and flexibility associated with each class contribute to the pricing structure.

Competitive Pricing: Airlines closely monitor the pricing strategies of their competitors. If one airline lowers prices on a particular route, others may follow suit to remain competitive.

Ancillary Fees: To keep base ticket prices seemingly low, airlines often charge additional fees for services such as baggage, seat selection, in-flight meals, and more. These fees can significantly impact the overall cost of the trip.

Seasonal and Holiday Pricing: Prices tend to be higher during peak travel seasons and holidays. Increased demand during these times allows airlines to charge higher prices.

Fuel Costs: Fluctuations in fuel prices can impact ticket prices. When fuel prices rise, airlines may pass some of the costs onto consumers.

It’s important to note that these factors interact in complex ways, and the pricing strategies of airlines can change based on market conditions and various external factors. Always check for the latest information and consider booking strategies that align with your travel plans.